HIV COUNSELLING HANDBOOK FOR THE ASIA-PACIFIC
Deskripsi: The urgent need to help more adults and children, especially in vulnerable, marginalized communities, find out their HIV status and receive treatment is beyond question. But HIV testing–whether client- or provider-initiated–is more than simply uncovering HIV cases. The quality of counselling and respect for the right to opt out of testing, as well as support measures for coping with the results, are just as important. Counselling, before or after testing, should increase knowledge of HIV prevention and enhance primary health care and positive prevention, as well as curative care when positive status is confirmed. The quality of counselling also shows itself in the quality of referrals, follow-ups, treatment adherence, and care, including nutritional, psychosocial and medical support, such as cotrimoxazole prophylaxis, to sustain the well-being of adults and children living with HIV.
This comprehensive HIV counsellors resource package answers the pressing need to improve the quality of counselling as countries step up their drive to contain the AIDS epidemic. Prepared over two years by WHO and UNICEF with technical assistance from the Family Health International Asia-Pacific Regional Office, it is designed to equip trainers, counsellors in training, and working counsellors in the Asia Pacific Region with essential skills and knowledge to deliver high-quality HIV testing and counselling services in a range of approaches and settings. The HIV counsellors handbook, trainer’s session plans, participatory learning activities, and HIV counsellor toolkit found here were updated from the Voluntary HIV Counselling and Testing Manual for Training of Trainers (2004) prepared jointly by the WHO South-East Asia Regional Office and the UNICEF East Asia and the Pacific Regional Office.